Mango is known as the queen of fruits in the world’s tropical regions. In the 1980’s the mango trees faced a severe freeze during the winter, but before that the trees were subjected to a huge production spreading across yards. The trees are large and bear delicious and juicy mangos. The mango trees are adapted to the lowland tropical as well as subtropical regions. The major consideration is the winter temperature as the twigs and leaves of young trees and can be prone to damage at temperatures below 30 degrees. At such temperatures, the flowering and fruiting ability of the trees get affected.
There are two varieties of mangos primarily, and they are Indian and Indochinese. The former has a single seed, and it is highly colored and subject to the anthracnose disease. The latter has multiple seeds, and the fruit lacks color, but it is resistant to anthracnose to some extent. The anthracnose is the largest problem for the mangoes as it attacks all the parts of the mango tree and damages the flower panicles. The maturing fruits will develop fungus that causes black spots that might be slightly sunken and show cracks on the surface. When the spots group together, these can form a large and damaged area. However, this disease can be controlled using fungicides.
Apart from these two varieties, there are many others, but some do not fit into both the primary groups. The commercial varieties are Haden, Irwin, Tommy Atkins, Kent and Keitt. There are other varieties such as Manila and Julie that are better for eating than the colored commercial ones.
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