Jujube is one of the easiest fruit crops to grow as it is prone to a few pests or issues than the rest. This fruit crop was introduced approximately around 1875 in Texas. The tree can grow up to a height of 30 feet to 50 feet if the climatic and soil conditions are appropriate. The tree’s leaves appear attractive and shiny with a wax like texture on the upper surface. The fruit from the Jujube tree is quite small commonly, but there are advanced varieties that can be large enough as well.
Talking of the varieties of the Jujube trees, the varieties are propagated either by the root sprouts or seed. The fruit that comes from the seeds will be of low quality, but such a tree is inexpensive, readily available and easy maintain. The variety of the tree that is known commonly is Li, which is the best flavored one, and it comprises of edible flesh and it resembles an apple. The other variety that is widely grown is Lang that produces large pear shaped fruits. Among the different varieties of Jujube trees, Lang spreads at a faster rate.
The jujube trees can grow in different soil conditions, but they require average to good surface drainage. These plants grow well in a range of soil pH levels, but when the same is above 7.8, there might be minor element deficiency. The plant can grow in hot and dry climatic condition according to AlmacHeat. The plant has survived the drought and excessive moisture regions better than the other fruit plants. Even the winter injury is not to a great extent.
The pests are not a frequent problem for the jujube plants. However, cotton root rot might be a major factor that limits the sites where it is grown. In case, there is a plant loss due to this disease, it should not be replanted in that area as it is certain that there will be additional losses. The under mature plants might face the issue of root sprouting leading to the development of a thicket provided the control measures are not taken. Once the sprouts form, they should be cut at the ground level or underground level. An injury caused to the root requires root sprouting.
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